Guest talk by Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Head HR Habib Bank AG Zurich

Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich, came to deliver a lecture on the grounds of Strategic leadership and related topics to the students of Leadership Class at IoBM.

Dr. Sitwat carries a diverse background of working in different industries while he himself is a Doctor in Medicine and carries an MBA degree in Marketing. He shared his views of whom he deems a leader and what actually a strategic leader is all about.

He persisted on the fact that every person is born a leader. However a man is polished into being a leader through his environments and the situations he is based in.

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Dr. Sitwat mentioned Mc. Gregors Theory X that says a man is always pushed to be working, Theory Y speaks of how a man is always self motivated to achieve better and Theory Z focuses on giving security to employees so that they offer loyalty to the organizations. X and y are what we see commonly being practiced in all organization.

He also mentioned of the Managerial Grid that actually helps you check what your potential is. Whether you are a Team leader, which is of course the best of the lot, or you are a person who only seeks his own benefit and doesn’t care about the organization. A team leader makes sure his company, his employees grow with him however a Solo leader is only focused on how he can collect yes men and interfere in other peoples business.

A leader should not embed fear in his people because it only gives rise to compliance rather than innovation. A perfect leader, is not necessarily, an all rounder HE may be sometimes a hero, sometimes a zero. But that’s how they learn, from mistakes just like Thomas Edison or Michael Jordan. They repetitively make mistakes to realize in what matters they were wrong and then don’t repeat the mistakes. Hence, success follows.

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So what exactly is needed to form a Leader? Integrity is needed. They will put in extra effort and try and innovate rather than moving with the flow. A positive mental Attitude is needed to carve a positive pathway to success for all. Passion helps a leader to identify whether he can put in extra efforts. Self Awareness is needed to help you know yourself and Self Belief is the key in this. Adaptability to change and flexibility should be there so that a leader can see from all perspectives. He should have an out of the box thinking and should look at alternatives that will help all improve. Last but not the least, a leader should never quit. He needs determination to stay steadfast about his objectives.

Strategically, it is essential for a leader to be able to anticipate and prepare for any sort of ambiguity and perseverance. He should be able to look at others mistakes and anticipate their mistakes. He should be able to challenge the status quo and invite innovation into the organization. A leader must be keen on interpreting his environment properly so that he is flexible to more options that he can induce in his organization. His decisions should be accurate yet nimble but shouldn’t be so agile that they come right out of his gut feelings. They need to be well calculated because he indirectly or directly impacts the firm. He should be able to align all the stakeholder together to embed participatory management into the organization yet there should be no room for malicious compliance. A leader never knows adequate. He should always keep learning. He should discuss the bad problems and the best practices to cure and improve them respectively.

In the end, he left the students with just one mind boggling question, “ Are you really a leader?”

 

33 Responses to Guest talk by Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Head HR Habib Bank AG Zurich

  1. sundusyousuf says:

    From the guest speaking session of the Dr Sitwat Hussain Group Head of HR provides us the knowledge of concept of Strategic Leadership Skill. The interactive session starts with the concept that leaders are born or they made? According to our guest speaker every human being is a leader. There is difference between Manager and a Leader. The functions of manager involve Planning, Controlling, Organizing and Directing. On the other hand Leader is the one who support innovation and change, but in an organization we need both paths.
    He discussed the Mc Gregor’s Theory X, Y in which he discussed with us that according to the theory X people inherently dislike work and according to this theory threats and punishment is required to meet goal. Theory Y suggests that work is a natural activity. He also discussed the Japanese theory Z in which he includes that if we secure the job like if we say to employee that your job is confirmed and we will not fire you like in this way you tell employee that your job is fixed then it will increase the job engagement of employee towards the work. He has also discussed the leadership grid. The concept of situational leader has also discussed that leader style match the situation It involves Telling, Selling, Participating and Delegating.
    We have also learned the role of solo leaders and the team leaders. Solo leaders are the one who are the transactional leader, they get involved in everything and direct team member’s activities set objectives. On the other hand team leaders who are also called Transformation leaders in this the leader delegate the roles to others, recognizes the value of diversity in the team. It all depends on the leadership and management, Transformational leader develop the team member’s growth. Leader believes on the win, win, win situation which means own profit, employee profit and for organization’s profit. Leader has the ability to motivate others. Its all about the hard work and not luck at all. We have also learned about the tree model concept it involves Integrity, Intent, Capabilities and Results. According to him there are some key competencies for the success. It involves: Integrity which involves ethics and values and the example he gave about the story of the Emperor and the Seed. 2: Positive mental attitude this is how you look things your attitude is everything. It is easy to criticize but to deliver the solution is tough.3:Passion it should be build up. 4 : Self belief in which he has discussed the story of cracked pot which gives us the lesson that we are not perfect all. We should have a attitude that we can do, we have passion.5: Flexibility it is important to be flexible as a leader, we should have empathy to look from other side. 6: Never quit it’s all about determination and we can take the example of Thomas Edison he failed many times but he said he found the ways like opportunities. 7: Out of the box thinking is important. In the last the 6 skills of strategic leader has discussed which involves the Anticipate, Challenge, Interpret, Decide, Align and Learn.

    • sabah ashraf says:

      Dr sitwat Hussain gave a meaningful session on leadership. Firstly, he spoke about wether leaders are born or made, leaders are made not born as it’s the circumstances that make a person a leader and not this inner traits. He went on to talk about theory x and theory y, and how Pakistan has more of theory x leaders as theory x leaders have a closed thinking, they impose more control, workers have less autonomy and the leaders focus on final product and not the well being of workers. He said that that has to change.

      Then he presented a leadership grid, Y axis represented people and X axis represented Tasks carried out by leaders. Those who scored 9 in both the axis are defined as a Team leader or in other words, the best kind of leader. Those who scored 9 in people and 1 in Task are defined as a country club manager. Those who scored 9 in people and 1 in task are defined as an Authoritarian leader. Those leaders who scored 1 in both the grids are known as Improverished leaders who have failed in both aspects. This the best kind of leader is team leader who scores best in both the grids.

      Mr Hussain then went on tot alk about Hersey Blanchard situational leadership which states that leadership style should match the situation. Leaders should make decisions and adopt a style best suited in that particular situation.

      There are two kinds of leaders; solo leaders and team leaders. Team leaders are transformational leaders whereas, solo leaders are transactional leaders. He said that most leaders in Pakistan are transactional leaders or solo leaders. He said that the situation is not just win-win byt win-win-win. Where all 3 parties, employees, leaders and the organization wins. A leader must be able to motivate and there is no such thing as luck in today’s world. He also portrayed the results of a leaders action through the tree model;

      The roots of the trees are the actions of the leader and the fruits are the results. If he works hard he see’s results in the form of fruits.

      Mr. Hussain explained the key competencies of leaders which are needed for success:
      • Integrity: if the leader will accept something wrong or not, what exactly will their integrity allow them to accept?
      • Positive mental attitude, does a leader have positive attitude or negative attitude, does he see the glass as half full or half empty?
      • Passion: a leader should have passion for his work, and he should believe he can make a difference.
      • Self belief: A leader should believe in his skills, and not let his negative triats demotivate him.
      • Flexibility: A leader should be flexible enough to mold himself according to the organizations interests.
      • Never Quit: A leader should never quit or give up.
      • Out of the box thinking: A leader should think creatively and out of the box,differently and do something that has never been done before.

      Lastly he said that a leader should have the ability to anticipate,challenge,interpret,decide,align and should never stop learning.

      Thus leadership is about perofrmace and not the official post of the “leader”

  2. Syeda Areeba Tariq says:

    Dr. Sitwat Husain a doctor by profession entered into the corporate world in 1998 and completed his MBA with majors in Marketing and later HR. He carries a diverse set of experiences in many industries including Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Insurance and Banking. Presently, he is working as a Group Head Human Resources at Habib Bank AG Zurich looking after the operations in nine countries such as Switzerland, Kenya, UAE, Pakistan, UK, Canada, South Africa, Hong Kong, and Isle of Man.

    During his session he talked about a leader, his qualities and attributes. He also shed some light on the characteristics and qualities that transform a leader into a strategic leader. According to him nothing in marketing is bad, it can be good, better and best. He encouraged a sense of questioning and curiosity which is necessary in life.

    According to him every human being is a leader. They are born leaders. They have it in their DNAs however; leadership is subject to environment in which a person is nurtured. A single person can act as a leader in certain situations while as a follower in others. He can be a hero in one context and at times a zero in the other. Having said that a leader is not perfect, there is nothing like a perfect leader. Every human has some strength which makes him a leader in some situations while he is dependent on others in areas where he is weak. The main thing to think about is how to nurture in a way to overcome those weaknesses.

    Dr.Sitwat also mentioned the difference between a manager and a leader. According to him both are equally important and needed by an organization. A manager follows the POLC cycle while a leader is the one who inspires, motivates and supports his employees on the same time. They work hand in hand to meet organizational vision. He also talked about Douglas McGregor’s famous theory X and Y.

    Theory X assumes that an employee is naturally unmotivated and dislikes working, and this encourages an authoritarian style of management. According to this view, management must actively intervene to get things done. Theory Y on the other hand expounds a participative style of management that is de-centralized. It assumes that employees are happy to work, are self-motivated and creative, and enjoy working with greater responsibility. However, an extension to XY theory presented by Ouchi who gave the idea of Theory Z that focuses on increasing employee loyalty to the company by providing a job for life with a strong focus on the well-being of the employee, both on and off the job.

    He also mentioned about the famous leadership grid which helps to measure performance and self analysis of leadership style. It talks about five different leadership styles such as impoverished manager, the country club manager, middle of the road manager, authoritarian manager, paternalistic manager and team leader. A team leader who is on the top of the grid is the one who has the highest concern for his people and concern for production (task).

    Moreover, Dr. Sitwat discussed situational leadership by Blanchard which says that a leader of an organization must adjust his style to fit the development level of the followers he is trying to influence. With situational leadership, it is up to the leader to change his style, not the follower to adapt to the leader’s style. At times you have to be delegating work, sometimes you are in telling mode providing specific instructions and closely supervising performance, at times you are in selling mode where you are explaining decisions and at time in participatory mode where you share ideas. He further talked about transactional leaders who are solo leaders while the transformational leaders who are the team leaders.

    A person should possess the ability to motivate others which is very important. Good leaders spread hopes. They know the touch points of their subordinates. They strike that point and encourage you to outperform. People often say that leaders are lucky but it is not true it’s 3 P’s that is practice, preparation, persistence. It’s all about hard work.

    Moreover, he talked about the tree model which says that the roots are actually your character, the trunk is your intent, capabilities are your branches and fruits, leaves are your competence. As a leader you all have the qualities such as integrity (uncompromising principles in life), positive mental attitude (how you look at things, optimism), passion (having a burning desire), self believe (I am good enough to do it), flexibility (change your angle), perseverance (never quit) and out of the box thinking (going where no man has ever gone).

    Lastly, Dr. Sidwat talked over Strategic Leadership. The first point discussed was the ability to anticipate which talks about risk appetite to unleash opportunities. Second is the ability to challenge where you question status quo. Third ability is to interpret with flexibility and options. Don’t take decisions with rigid mindsets. The fourth one is the ability to decide, the agility, the nimbleness of decisions. The fifth one is the ability to align where you need to align in a manner promoting participatory management. The last one is the ability to learn where you need to learn from lessons and share best practices.

    • Jodie says:

      frankie, yes, there is some level of maturity but i am still left wondering why some people are still fearful of other people, especially the gontnvmere, knowing how they vote.

  3. Suman Khalid Khimji says:

    Dr. Sidwat Hussain, Group Head HR, AG Zurich took a session on strategic leadership skills with us, sharing his valuable experience.

    He started with a question are leaders born or made? He gave an argument in favor of both the sides. He said that yes leaders are made as its more circumstantial and it’s related with the environment that we stay in. Also, he said all human beings are born leaders as we beat 2.99 million sperms during fertilization to become a leader. Dr. Sidwat further discussed the difference between leaders and managers that a manager’s task is most of the time about planning, controlling, directing and leading. Whereas, leaders have more to do with innovation & change, develop and coach, model values and maintain functional expertise. Also, for an organization to be successful one needs both managers and leaders.

    Dr.Sidwat further discussed various theories of leadership with us. He first talked about Theory X and Y. Theory X is more about rigidity, dislike work, believe in punishments, need directions and have autocratic style. On the other hand, Theory Y believes in autonomy, enjoy work, self motivated and responsible and applying participative management style. He also talked about the controversial Theory Z by Ouchi which says that jobs should be confirmed till retirement as it will bring more loyalty and automatically generates engagement in employees.

    In addition to this, he also discussed the leadership grid in which the x axis stands for concern for production and y axis is for concern for people. There are various points on the grid all depicting different types of managers only one depicts the leader that is 9/9 which is the team leader it means that both their concern for production and people are highest in the grid. Interestingly answering one of the questions he told us, not all managers can stay at one point for long, it keeps on changing.

    Dr. Sidwat added another theory of leadership to our knowledge which is Hensey-Blanchard situational leadership which is about how different leadership styles match the situations. Again it presents a grid with task behavior (guidance) on the x axis and relationship behavior (supportive) on the y axis. It primarily illustrated four styles participating, delegating, selling and telling.

    Additionally, he highlighted differences between solo leaders (transactional) and Team leaders (transformational). Former is more involved and interfering, conform to standards, looks for admirers, direct team members and sets objectives. Whereas, the latter believes in delegating team roles, diversity, encourages constructive disagreements, develop team members and create vision. Also, he said there is a new concept win/win/win that is for organization, manager and employees.

    Dr. Sidwat also told us about the tree model where roots are the character, trunk is the intent; branches are the competencies i.e. knowledge, skills and abilities and finally leaves and fruits are the results.

    He further taught us about the key competencies for success which includes integrity which are values and ethics that he shared with a wonderful story of emperor and seeds; positive mental; passion; self belief which he depicted through the cracked pot story that all of us are cracked pots with each having idiosyncrasies and negatives the point is to not look at that; flexibility is about having three sides of an argument your, mine and the right one; never quit is about determination, perseverance like Thomas Edison and Michael Jordan and out of the box thinking which he shared through an interesting example of Telenor’s approach in acquiring blue ocean leadership in HR where they are asking to get working mothers who left to resume their professional life.

    Dr. Sidwat then discussed strategic leadership skills starting with the fact that the more unpredictable environment, the greater the opportunity. Basically it’s the ability to have the following six skills: anticipate means prepare for ambiguity; challenge means out of the box approach; interpret means flexibility in considering multiple options and empathy; decide means agile and also less impulsive; align means participatory management and learn means sharing the best practices and also to unlearn previous ones in order to bring creativity on the table.

    Finally, Dr. Sidwat concludes that there is no such thing as a perfect leader and you don’t have to wait to be on the top to become a leader.

  4. tayyaba ziauddin paracha says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich, came to deliver a lecture on Strategic leadership. He has been working in different industries. The session began with the concept that leaders are born or they made? According to our guest speaker every human being is born as a leader; However his leadership skills the polished through external environment and situations.
    He sheds some light on the characteristics and qualities that transform a leader into a strategic leader. According to him nothing in marketing is bad, it can be good, better and best. He encouraged a sense of questioning and curiosity which is necessary in life of a strategic leader. Dr.Sitwat also mentioned the difference between a manager and a leader. According to him both are equally important and needed by an organization; he discussed the concept of theory X manager, theory Y managers and theory Z managers and its importance in an organization. Theory X and y managers practicing are what we see commonly being practiced in all organization. Theory X managers are one’s who push employees towards work because manager assumes that employees are lazy and avoid work, whereas theory y manager are one’s that motivate employee towards work because they assume that people are creative and enjoy work and Theory Z focused on increasing employee loyalty to the company by providing a job for life with a strong focus on the well-being of the employee, both on and off the job.
    Then he discussed the importance of solo pioneers and the group leaders.. Solo pioneers are the person who is the value-based leader or transactional leader. Then again group pioneers who are additionally called Transformation leaders who assign the parts to others, perceives the estimation of differing qualities in the group. He also talked about managerial grid to measure your potential.
    Additional he talked about situational leadership by Blanchard which says that a leader of an organization must adjust his style to fit the development level of the followers he is trying to influence. With situational leadership, it is up to the leader to change his style, not the follower to adapt to the leader’s style. He said as a leader you all must have the qualities of integrity, positive mental attitude, passion self believe, flexibility perseverance and out of the box thinking. These qualities will make a person competent and will help them succeed.
    Strategic leaders challenge their status quo, they do not just look into others mistakes but they look into their mistakes and anticipate it. They need to be good external environment interpreter to help organization succeed.

  5. Fasiha Hamid says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich delivered a very interesting session about Strategic Leadership. He started his session by telling the difference between managers and leaders. He explained it to the class that managers plan, control, organize and direct. Whereas, leaders support innovation & change, develop & coach, maintain functional expertise and form values. Furthermore, he told in his session that an organization needs both managers and leaders as it needs the qualities of both leaders and managers to run its day to day work and achieve strategic goals.
    He also talked about the theory of leadership in which he elucidated Mc. Gregor’s theory X and Y. In theory X people inherently dislike work and try to avoid it. They are forced, threatened and punished in order to reach goals. Employees need direction from their boss and works better under autocratic leadership style. However, in theory Y, people work in a natural active way and enjoy their work. They are motivated and have control on themselves. This theory works better under participative leadership style. In addition to this, Dr. Sitwat mentioned about theory Z that has been proposed by a Japanese person named Ouchi. Theory Z emphasizes on the fact that in order to have good employee engagement, it is essential to secure the jobs of your employees; job security automatically leads to more engagement and belonging of the employees to the organization.
    Moreover, he showed the managerial grid that helps the organization to measure its employees’ potential. A team leader is the star of the organization as only on the grid he has a score of 9/9 which means that he has concern for both task and his people. He is progressing in his career as well as taking his people and organization towards success. While others on the grid are categorized as managers. He also enlightened the difference between a Solo Leader (transactional leader) and Team Leader (transformational leader). A Solo leader gets involved and interferes in everything. He collects yes men employees for himself. While a team leader creates the vision and develops team members’ growth. Further he said, a heterogeneous team if have a good leader then they will work much better than a homogenous team under a good leadership.
    He accentuated that a leader must have the following key competencies: integrity, positive mental attitude, passion, self belief, flexibility, should never quit and think out of the box.
    For a leader to work strategically, it is important for him to anticipate. The more unpredictable the environment, the greater the opportunity he will find. He should be prepared for ambiguity and persevere. Secondly, he should challenge the status quo for continuous improvement. There is nothing permanent than change. Then the next step is that he should interpret the trends & patterns and should analyze his options. He should also be quick in his decision; should not get stuck in analysis paralysis. He should also align his team, stakeholders, etc in his decision. Lastly, he should accept his mistakes and learn from them. Also, should share his failures and best practices with his team.
    He ended his session by saying that there is no leader as a perfect leader. He might be a hero in one context but zero in the other.

  6. Ashfaq solangi says:

    Guest speaker session of Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Group Head HR at Habib Bank. On the grounds of Strategic leadership. In introduction he told us that he has a diverse background of working in different industries while he himself is a medical Doctor and carries an MBA degree in Marketing. He further said that, every person is born a leader, but a man is polished into being a leader through his environment and the situations he face in life. He further discussed about the theory X that says a man is always pushed to work, and theory Y speaks of how a man is always self motivated and Theory Z focuses on giving security to employees so that they offer loyalty to the organizations. X and y are what we see commonly being practiced in all organization. He further told us about the Managerial Grid that actually helps us to check our potential. Whether one is a Team leader, which is of course the best of the lot, or you are men who only seek his own benefit and don’t care about the organization. A team leader makes sure his company, his employees grow with him however a Solo leader is only focused on how he can add yes men in his team and interfere in other people’s business.
    He further emphasized on that, a leader should not embed fear in his people because it only lead to compliance rather than creativity. A good leader is not necessarily an all rounder he may be sometimes a hero, sometimes a zero. But that’s how they learn, from mistakes just like Thomas Edison or Michael Jordan. They repetitively faced failures but they didn’t give up and stayed determined till they get the success.
    Further he emphasized that for a leader Integrity is must, because he cannot inspire people without integrity. A leader should put in extra effort and try and try to be creative rather than moving with the flow. A positive mental Attitude is needed to overcome the pathway to success for all. Passion helps a leader to identify whether he can put in extra efforts. Self Awareness is to know yourself and Self Belief is the key in this. Adaptability to change and flexibility should be there so that a leader can see from all perspectives. He should have an out of the box thinking and should look at alternatives that will help all improve. Last but not the least, a leader should never quit. He needs determination.
    In the end he talked about strategic leadership is which he said, that strategically, it is important for a leader to be able to anticipate and prepare for any sort of problem and threats. He should be able to look at others mistakes and anticipate their mistakes. He should be able to challenge the status quo and bring creativity and innovation in the organization. A leader must be keen on interpreting his environment properly so that he can be flexible to more options that he can operated in his organization. His decisions should be well calculated because they will directly or indirectly effect the organization. He should be able to align all the stakeholder together to organize participatory management into the organization yet there should be no room for malicious compliance. He should always keep learning. He should discuss the problems and the practices to overcome and improve them.

  7. Sania Shahbuddin says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain carries a diverse set of experiences in many industries including Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Insurance and Banking. Currently, he is working at Habib Bank AG Zurich as a Group Head Human Resources looking after the operations in nine different countries. He conveyed an exceptionally intriguing session about Strategic Leadership.

    He began his session by differentiating amongst managers and leaders. He unveiled that manager’s primary focus is on achieving the objectives of the company for which they plan, control, organize and direct. Though, leaders bolster change and innovation; leaders personally develop and coach their teams, keep up useful ability and frame values. He said that strong association is needed between both managers and leaders to run its everyday work and accomplish organizational objectives. According to him, nothing is bad in marketing, it can be good, better or the best. He emphasized on a sense of questioning and curiosity which is truly essential in the life of a strategic leader.

    Are leaders born or made (true or false)? This was the question asked by the honorable speaker. He responded that leaders are made as it’s more fortuitous and it’s connected with nature in which we live. Every human being is a leader; the matter of the fact is that grooming makes the difference in your personality. Therefore, a leader is not perfect; nobody can be a perfect leader.

    Dr. Sidwat discussed several leadership theories with the class. He initially discussed Theory X and Y. Theory X is more about unbending nature, loathe work, put stock in disciplines, require headings and has absolutist style. Whereas, Theory Y has faith in independence, appreciate work, self-spurred and mindful and applying participative administration style. He additionally discussed the Theory Z by Ouchi which emphases on loyalty and creates engagement in representatives.

    He added another theory of leadership which was Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership, this is the most popular leadership style promoted in today’s world. It basically outlined four styles taking an interest, assigning, offering and telling. He also, highlighted contrasts between solo leaders (transactional) and team leaders (transformational). Previous is more included and meddling, fit in with measures, searches for admirers, coordinate colleagues and sets targets. Though, the other one trust in appointing group parts, assorted qualities, empowers valuable differences, create colleagues and direct towards a vision. Additionally, he said that in today’s business scenario there is win (employee), win (leader), win (organization) idea which is floating all around. In addition, individuals do say that leaders are fortunate yet it is not absolutely true. It’s 3 P’s that is practice, preparation and, perseverance. Leadership is all about diligent work and commitment.

    Furthermore, he discussed the tree model which says that the roots are your character, the storage compartment is your goal, abilities are your branches and leaves are your capability. For a successful leader, the following are the key competencies which a leader should have integrity which means stay honest to your work and organization, positive mental attitude, passion which means make a difference every day, self-belief, flexibility which means having the empathy to look at the other side never quit and have the ability to think out of the box.
    Lastly, he discussed strategic leadership skills that a leader should have the ability to anticipate, challenge, interpret, decide, align and learn. These skills will help him to bring creativity to the table and make his team stronger and achieving the organizational goals.

    Dr. Sidwat concluded his talk by saying that there is no such thing as a perfect leader. Leadership is all about performance. The way a leader performs makes a huge difference in his leadership and influencing his teammates.

  8. Bilal Iqbal says:

    It was an honor hearing Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich talk in our class. He started his talk on leadership by talking about the most common query that is are leaders born or made and he added that it’s the environment and how you are groomed aids into your chances to become a leader. Then he compared leaders and managers and said that managers only follows the management functions which are planning, organizing, implementing and controlling but leaders are the one who support innovation and change, develop and coach, modeling values, maintains functional expertize.
    Then he talked about the McGregors thoery X and theory Y in which he said that people who follows theory X are transactional leaders and people who follows theory Y are Transformational leaders. Theory Y people are the one who likes work, who are responsible, they enjoy what they do. On the other side theory X are the one who just wants to get the work done. Then he talked about the recent addition which is Theory Z which says that loyalty has to driven among workers so that they feel more comfortable that their job risk is low.
    Then he talked about the leadership grid in which he defined that there are there are 7 type of leaders:
    9/9: He is a Team leader.
    9/1: He is an Authoritarian Manager.
    1/9: Country club manager
    1/1: Impoverished Manager.
    5/5: Middle of the road manager.
    9/1 and 1/9: Paternalistic .
    ALL 5 ABOVE: Oppurtunistic.
    The best among all these is the 9/9 who is a Team Leader.
    He then further talk about solo leaders and team leaders. Solo leaders are the transactional leaders who get involved in everything, expect others to perform according to his or her standards, direct team members activities and sets objectives. Team leaders are transformational leaders who delegate team roles to others, recognize the value of diversity, encourage others to contribute and is not threatened by team members special abilities and they creates vision for others.
    He further added that the leader is the one who has the ability to MOTIVATE others and they spread HOPE not GLOOM. He also said that there is no perfect leader. He also added that its not only Luck which leads a person to become a leader. There are three things which are practice, preparation and persistence.
    He then talked about the Tree model in which he described character and integrity to be the most important thing for a leader he defined it as the root of the tree which means cause of becoming a big tree. He also said that its desire not ability that determine success. He also said that negatives are more than positives but we need to focus on positives. We should have passion for what we do and self belief is the most important thing. Flexibility is also very important to become a leader we should see a thing from every angle and just rely on one dimension. And we should never quit and be determined. Failure teach everyone a lesson. You should be able to think out of the box.
    Then he further talked about the strategic leadership in which he described each as:
    Anticipate: to gather the information.
    Challenge: out of the box thinking.
    Interpret: Flexibility and options.
    Decide: agile and nimble/shoot from the hip.
    Align: particapatory management.
    Learn: lesson learnt/ best practice sharing.

  9. Yusra Kaiser says:

    The session began by Dr. Sitwat telling us that we should feel free to ask questions and that nothing bad exists, its either good, better or best. He continued by asking us our opinion on the most debated topic: Are leaders born or made? After some discussion we eventually concluded that leaders are made and that it actually depends on how a person is groomed. However, Dr. Sitwat supported the other side of the discussion by explaining us the process of fertilization when we’re born. How of a million of cells, our cell is the one that actually fertilizes and wins over millions of others. So, we’re all actually born a winner!
    The second point of discussion was on the difference between Managers and Leaders. He informed us that while managers have the role of planning and organizing, it is the leaders who actually support innovation, develop and coach people, and model values.
    Going further, Dr. Sitwat introduced us to the famous McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y. This theory states that there are two types of people, one that need rigid control (X) and the other don’t. Theory X states that people inherently dislike work, they need direction and must be coerced to perform. Such people need autocratic managers. However, Theory Y states that people enjoy work, are self motivated and can exercise self-direction. Such people need managers that practice participative style of managing.
    But there’s a new theory that a Japanese person William Ouchie has suggested, Theory Z. This states that if you give an employee job security, they’ll always perform well. Company’s loyalty towards its employees motivates the employees and better performance. However, there’s obviously a downside to this story as job security may make many people complacent and under performing.
    The session continued by discussion on a Leadership/Management Grid. This grid was based on the degree of “concern for people” and “concern for work”. The person with the highest degree for both was the Team Leader. The person with the lowest was the Impoverished Manager and should never be kept in a company. A Paternalistic Manager jumps continuously and and Opportunistic Manager is always switching his ways for personal benefits.
    Moving further, Dr. Sitwat introduced us to the Hersey Blanchard Situational Leadership. This concept focused on four types, namely, delegating, telling, selling and participating.
    Other theories that we discussed included Solo versus Team Leaders. Solo ones are transactional while team leaders are transformational. Such leaders know that the best ideas often come from the junior employees and know the concept of Win Win Win (win for the employee, manager and company).
    Our guest speaker also told us that while heterogeneous teams are great, homogeneous ones are much better than a badly managed heterogeneous team. He told us that the perfect leader can be a Zero somewhere and a Hero in another place.
    Next, we discussed the Tree Model and how the character of the person is the root and how the fruit and leaves are the results. We also discussed the key competencies of success which were Integrity, Positive Mental Attitude, Passion, Self Belief, Flexibility and Out of the Box thinking. He supported these success factors by a few stories, one about the Emperor and the seeds and one about the cracked pot.
    He also described how “statues are created for the ones who were criticised and not for the critic”. The session became more interesting when he showed us a picture of a lady who some perceived as an old woman and some as a young one. What we learnt from this was the importance of being flexible, how there are always three sides to an argument.
    The session also covered some parts of Blue Ocean Leadership, he gave us the example of Telenor’s program to support women. Eventually, we discussed strategic leadership and ended the session with discussing the 6 factors (Anticipate, Challenge,Interpret,Decide, Align and Learn) for Strategic Leadership. Dr. Sitwat told us how we should unlearn to relearn and ended the session by telling us that there’s no such leader as a perfect leader.

  10. Farhamand Safa says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain, group head of HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich delivered his guest speaker session on strategic leadership and shared his detailed insight which he earned throughout his life with the students. His background has been very diverse which gave him the ability to experience different progressions of life and become the man he is today. He initiated his session by asking students if leaders are born or made. According to him every person is born a leader and that right from the start of our lives we have been winners therefore all of us can be leaders given we are nurtured in the right way. After that he emphasized upon the difference between managers and leaders and according to him managers are responsible for planning, controlling, organizing and directing but leaders are those who initiate change and innovation. He also mentioned Mc Gregor’s theory X and Y. This theory has been the foundation of many management principles. Theory X is a more autocratic which focuses on getting work done through punishment and threats. Theory X by default assumes that people dislike work whereas theory Y on the other hand dictates that people are self-motivated to perform better. Dr. Sitwat also mentioned about a third theory which was given by a Japanese name Ouchi and this theory is called Theory Z. In theory Z loyalty and job security plays a vital role. Through this theory you give job security to employees which results in them being loyal to the organization however there has been some serious criticism against this theory.
    Dr. Sitwat mentioned and explained the leadership grid in detail which had various styles of leadership adopted by leaders and the extremes at which these styles are executed as well as how they are executed. After this solo and team leaders were discussed and according to him solo leaders are more towards transactional side and getting things done whereas team leaders are transformational leaders who actually see the greater good and direct their teams accordingly while having the power to motivate others and great leaders spread hope not gloom. According to him great leaders need to have some key competencies which involve integrity, intent, capabilities and results. He gave a very good example of a Chinese emperor and how he chose his heir by judging young boys of their integrity the one who did not lie to him and presented the most truthful results was chosen to be his heir. Secondly great leaders need to have positive mental attitude and it is the desire which determines success not ability. Criticism on you means that you are successful in light of being a critic which everyone can be. Thirdly, the passion to be successful also needs to be there. Fourth, Self-belief. Here he again shared an interesting story about a cracked pot and how that pot was upset because he was not serving his owner the purpose of carrying water from one place to another but one day his owner told him that the water that leaks from its crack is basically helping the flowers grow on the way. Fifth, flexibility and sixth being Never Quit. He shared the example of Edison here and how he was determined to invent the light bulb and never gave up. Dr. Sitwat also mentioned how important out of the box thinking is as it allows you to gather information from multiple sources and go beyond the standard way of thinking. Lastly he mentioned six skills of strategic leaders which include Anticipate, Challenge, Interpret, Decide, Align and Learn.

  11. Umama Siddiqui says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Group Head of HR, AG Zurich, conducted a session on strategic leadership. He asked question that are Leaders born or made & answered that every human being is leader when he or she is born. Leadership skills can be polished.

    MC Gregor’s Theory X & Theory Y of leadership: Theory X assumes that people dislike work; they want to avoid it and do not want to take responsibility. Theory Y assumes that people are self-motivated & thrive on responsibility.

    Theory Z: It’s a controversial, it’s says job security is very important, if employees know their job is secured so they will be more loyal and engaged.

    Managerial Grid Model – Also known as Leadership Grid: Measures performance, highly used in today’s organizations, Allows for self-analysis of leadership style.
    Managerial grid model is composed of different leadership styles. The motivation dimension really provides the underlying motive of the leader behind a successful leadership style. Thus the managerial grid model categorizes leaders into one of 81 possible categories.

    The Country Club Manager (1, 9): These leaders will go above and beyond to ensure that the needs and desires of his employees are met.

    The Authoritarian or Control Manager (9, 1) :These leaders focus all of their attention to production-related matters and very little towards the needs of their employees.

    The Indifferent or Impoverished (1,1): These leaders have minimal concern for people and production. In short, the indifferent leaders are ineffective and are sorely lacking in any of the traits that can be attributed to successful and effective leaders.

    The Status Quo or Middle-of-the-Road (5, 5): These leaders balance out the needs of their staff with those of the organization, while not adequately achieving either. These leaders will balance and compromise their decisions, often endorsing the most popular one.

    The Paternalistic Style (1, 9) tor (9, 1): These leaders will guide their employees and define initiatives for others and themselves. They will praise and reward employees for good performance.

    The Opportunistic Style (Any of the 5 Positions)
    These leaders, as the name suggests will seek any situation that will be of benefit to themselves. They will adopt any style that will increase the likelihood of reaching their objective.

    Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership: Leadership depends upon each individual situation, and no single leadership style can be considered the best. For Hershey and Blanchard, tasks are different and each type of task requires a different leadership style. A good leader will be able to adapt her or his leadership to the goals or objectives to be accomplished.

    There are two types of leaders: Sole leaders (transactional) & Team Leaders (Transformational)
    Now, new trend is Win-win-win situation i.e. for the benefit of employee-manager-organization instead of win-win situation.

    Leader has the ability to motivate others. Good leaders spread hope.

    The Tree Model: The Leadership Tree combines the conscious as well as the unconscious aspects of human thinking. The conscious, rational aspects are represented by the branches, the unconscious aspects by the roots within the soil. The trunk stands for the tasks and the responsibility of the manager.

    Key competencies for success:
    Integrity
    Positive mental attitude
    Passion
    Self believe
    Flexibility
    Never quit
    Out of the box thinking

    He gave an example of Telenor that “Telenor has tapped potential market of married women who left job because of children”.

    Leaders have the ability to:
    Anticipate: prepare for ambiguity & presence.
    Challenge: out of the box thinking / continuous improvement (Kaizen)
    Interpret: flexibility & options
    Decide: agile & nimble / shoot from hip
    Align: participatory management
    Learn: lessons learnt / best practice sharing.

  12. Sania Zulfiqar says:

    Dr Sitwat Hussain- A Leader beyond Words

    Dr Sitwat Hussain a man of versatile interest, courage beyond the realms of society, knowledge beyond the boundaries of any field, personality to look after. A man of inspiration, a persona to cherish, A leader is Reality.

    Dr. Hussain, Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich, leading the department in 9 countries resides in Pakistan to lead the biggest subsidiary of the bank- Habib Metropolitan Bank (HMB). He had his initial degree in medicine and worked as a Certified Practioner for not only private hospitals but served in the Military, Navy and Airforce Hospitals as well. The journey from Medical to Marketing speaks for the courage itself, following your passion, leaving behind decades old career at its peak itself is a nerve wrecking decision that not all has the courage to take.

    Dr. Hussain was invited to guide us the students to learn what responsibilities executives perform in Organizations; he came in to guide us on strategic leadership but he not only helped us learn strategic leadership style he guided us on all the leadership style practiced in organizations from the born leaders to Mc Greggors Theory X & Y and the Theory Z by Ouchi. The Leadership/ Managerial Grid and the Hersey Blanchard Situational Leadership was explained by the help of the graphs he prepared for better understanding of students, INDEED a Teacher in itself. He further went on the explaining the difference between Transactional and Transformational leaders, accepting the reality of today’s organizations but giving hope of not all being the same. He also guided us on what qualities we can adopt ourselves to achieve success being integrity, positive mental attitude, passion, self-belief, flexibility, out of box thinking and the most important being to NEVER QUIT, never accept defeat, mend your ways and learn to succeed. The Blue Ocean Leadership followed while the lecture ended on what the strategic leadership is actually about and how to achieve it, through anticipate, challenge, interpret, decide, align and learn.

    I being a student not only learn about the different styles of leadership but I learned what a leader actually is, he is not afraid to answer questions from curious students, the humility and the respect given to those junior than you or people observing you speaks about the character of the leader itself. The leader never treats people below the knowledge scale they own with disrespect but he is willing to share the knowledge to whoever willing to learn.
    Dr. Sitwat Hussain indeed a leader himself inspired me to the core with a small gesture of remembering our names to the body language making everyone feel comfortable in his presence with the smile he boosted our confidence to the knowledge he had gained through sheer hard work touched my heart. And thus I learned that leader does not only inspires you by his words biut also by what he does not speaks.

    #INSPIRED!!

  13. Asama Bhadelia says:

    There are times when you just attend guest speaker session and listen to guest speaker, and there are times when you actually get the most out of the experience of the person you are listening to with the weight of years he is carrying with himself.
    Mr. Sitwat with his vast experience in diverse fields taught me a lot about the professional career which I will be looking forward to in my coming life. He began his session with a query about leadership being generic or man-made where he let us decide according to our perception of the approach towards leadership. He delivered a concept of every human as a born winner and leader whereas these skills are furnished during the lifetime we spend on this planet.
    He continued his session with various theories about leadership including Theory X/Y/Z where different kind of personalities deal differently in an organization at the managerial level, Managerial grid where at different points of the grid were allocated for the characteristics of the manager/leader to take forward three perspective including organizational, personal and followers’ goal, and he provided a quote to support his approach – if you hire good staff for the organization and then tell them what to do, you are not justifying your role, Steve Jobs.
    Further, he emphasized on the characteristics of a leader being integrity where he supported his words with an examples of great Chinese leader and the seeds, which I might take as a lifelong lesson. Another character being creativity which shall be realized at every stage of the organizational pyramid and not only the flow from top to bottom. Passion and self-belief being on the list, supported with the story of man carrying a leaked pot to top of the mountain, again, these inspirational stories are there for us to learn and move with them throughout our lives. Additionally he talked about flexibility and adaptability to make most of the resources available, at last he also emphasized on the security of being a leader and leading the followers while not being insecure of the people coming up to him.
    Later during the session, he discussed the core elements of strategic leadership. He emphasized on anticipation, challenge, interpret, decide, align and learn as the key elements of the strategic leadership with the support of the research paper of HBR (Harvard Business Review).
    Later he concluded his session with the importance of persistence and continuous effort of learning at each and every stage of life with the quote – it is not your aptitude but your attitude which decides your altitude.

  14. aarijshamim1 says:

    “Being a true gentleman never goes out of fashion” this is the thought that comes first to my mind when a saw Dr. Sitwat Hussain. A Doctor by profession, A man who served the armed forces of Pakistan and now working as a Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich and is looking HR operations of the bank globally. A well dressed and confident gentleman who when came into our class, without uttering a word his posture and body language made a strong personal presence felt.
    Mr. Sitwat while speaking to our class made his point that he feels that leaders are made, it’s the environment atmosphere they get which makes a difference. As he believes we all are leaders and from the time we were not even born we were competing to win and we all here are winner in a way. He further in his lecture explained management theories and differences between Theory X & Theory Y, and what type of organization implements which type of theory. He further even talked about the controversial theory of management theory Y. He also touched the topic of managerial grid, situational leadership.
    He says a leader should give free hand to his follower which will result in their innovation and by embedding fear in to his people would put a full stop at their creativity. The Dr thinks that there is no such thing as a perfect leader, A leader might be hero at a place and he might be a zero at another. He thinks that a leader is not one who passes every time a leader is one who passes in flying colors after failing several times in his past, to validate his argument he gave example of Micheal Jordan and Thomas Edison. And to become a leader you need to have 3P’s in yourself Practice, preparation and persistence.
    To be successful in life you ought to have some key competencies which are: Integrity, Positive mental attitude, Passion, Self believe, Flexibility, Never quit attitude and the most important of all out of box thinking.
    He says, a leader is one who see opportunity coming from far flank and capitalize it, to this he gave the example of Telenor Pakistan how they promoted their blue ocean strategy by offering jobs to women’s who used to be professional earlier. He says a good leader take quick and bold decisions, as he say to much analysis leads to paralysis.
    And summing up he said you don’t need to be on the top to be leader, you can start the change from your own place.

  15. Hassan Aziz says:

    As part of the guest speaker session in our course Leadership, Ethics, and Change, Dr. Sitwat Hussain was invited at IoBM to share with us his views regarding strategic leadership and related topics.
    Mr. Hussain is currently the Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich, looking after operations of nine countries including Switzerland, UAE, Pakistan, and South Africa. The guest speaker invited has a very versatile personality and a rich career background. He started of as a doctor in Army and Navy and then later switched his career by doing MBA in Marketing and later HR to enter the corporate world. He has experience of many industries including pharmaceutical, engineering, insurance and banking.

    Dr. Sitwat started of the session sharing his view that every person is a born leader. He however added that some skills need to be polished to become a good leader and that is actually done through the environment and the situations a person goes through. He then shared a general concept of a leader and his qualities, his objectives, and his roles.

    The guest speaker tried explaining the concept of leadership through the help of different leadership theories that have been formulated by the scholars. He started off with the McGregor’s Theory X/ Theory Y Model. Theory X assumes that employees and dislikes working. Hence, an authoritarian style is required to push them to work. Theory Y assumes that employees are happy and self motivated. Hence, a participative style of management is required. He added another theory Z, which focuses on loyalty. He said that give employees job security and they will automatically be loyal to the organization.

    He then discusses about the concept of leadership/managerial grid, which is used to measure the management style with respect to concern for people and concern for work. He suggested that 9/9 is said to be a team leader and that it is the best management style.

    He also discusses the situational theory by Blanchard, where leadership style matches the situation. He said that leaders should be flexible to adjust to the situation and fit to the style of his followers. He added that it is the duty of leaders to adjust instead of the followers. He then discussed about the differences between transactional leaders and transformational leaders and said that a mixture of both is said to be the best leader.

    Mr. Hussain then told us about the new Tree model of leadership. He said that is made up of four components just as of a tree. A tree has roots, trunk, branches and leaves. Similarly, a leader should have character/integrity, intent, capability/competence, and results.

    The guest speaker then shared the key factor of success and finally the skills to become a strategic leader. For success, he said that seven skills are most important. These include integrity, positive mental attitude, passion, self belief, flexibility, never quit, and out of the box thinking. He further explained these qualities through pictorials and two stories called “The Emperor and The Seeds” and “The Cracked Pot.” For the strategic leadership, as per the article, he said that 6 skills are very important. These include the ability to anticipate, challenge, interpret, decide, align and learn.

    Finally, Mr. Hussain ended his discussion with a question that Are you good enough to lead? He also shared with us a questionnaire that measures the leadership abilities of an individual and asked us to fill that honestly.

  16. Daryl Fonseca says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich during his guest speaker talk explained to us strategic leadership along with other leadership concepts. He started off his talk by asking us whether leaders are born or made. After few responses from the class, he concluded that leaders are born but can be made as well. It all depends on how they are groomed and the environment which you are brought up in. Then he also differentiated managers and leaders by saying that managers are into the scope of planning, controlling resources, organizing and directing. Whereas leaders play the role of developing and coaching their followers, modeling values and maintaining functional expertise. Dr. Sitwat Hussain also said that in order for an organization to function properly it is important that managers and leaders are functioning together. He also then explained various theories like Mcgregor’s Theory X/ Theory Y by saying that there are two fundamental approaches to managing people. Many managers tend towards theory x and generally get poor results. Enlightened managers use theory y, which produces better performance and results, and allows people to grow and develop. Both the theory X and Y are found in most organizations today. Other than Theory X and Y there is also a theory Z, which says that you secure the employee’s job till their retirement and that will automatically that can lead to more belonging and engagement. Dr. Sitwat Hussain also explained to us the Leadership Grid which has on its X axis ‘concern for production’ and on its Y axis ‘Concern for people’. It is a grid which is comparative. The 9/9 leader has concern for people and production, 9/1 authoritarian manager says that produce or leave. 1/9 is a country club manager. 1/1 is not concerned about people or production (liability to the company). 5/5 will always push around the corners and will not go above the current level. All five is opportunistic but the best is the 9/9 Team leader. He also quoted Steve jobs by saying that if you have an employee and tell him what to do, you’re doing injustice to him. He also then differentiated between transactional and transformational leaders by saying that Transactional leaders are the solo leaders who interfere in everything, expects team members to conform to his standards of behavior, wants ‘Yes Sir’ employees and he directs the team member’s activities. Whereas transformational leaders are team leaders who delegate team roles to others, recognizes the value of diversity in the team, develop team members growth and is not threatened by team members abilities rather learns from them. He also continued by saying that if managed well a team having different cultural members or differences can still achieve the common vision/goal which is articulated by the leader. Transformational are not threatened by junior employees rather they believe that the best of ideas can come from them. Leaders need to have the ability to motivate others. Good leaders spread hope not gloom. A perfect leader is a person who doesn’t know everything. Lucky leaders are actually not lucky, but rather its hard work that brings them luck. He also explained to us the tree model of leadership that it very important to have a good character/integrity to be a leader. Good values are the base and foundation of a leader. Your intent is your vision and honesty, capabilities are what you bring to the table which ultimately leads to results for a leader. He concluded by giving us the key competencies required for success, integrity-your ethics, values, principles in your life and ability to say No to the wrong things. Positive Mental attitude is how optimistic you are in life and it’s important to always stay positive during the tough times. Passion is so important to keep moving on in life. Self-belief is important because we all are born with certain weaknesses but it’s important to look at your strengths in order to move forward in life. Flexibility never quit and out of box thinking is the other key competencies which were explained in class along with examples. In the end, Dr. Sitwat gave us a self-assessment sheet to evaluate our leadership abilities based on the answers we provided.

  17. Faiza Asad says:

    The guest session which was taken by Dr.Sitwat Hussain who is Head of Human Resources at Habib Bank AG Zurich is very informative and thoughtful. He shared his knowledge and experience on Strategic Leadership. He started his session with the statement Leaders are made not born and explained that people can become leaders through the process of teaching, learning and observation. At the same time it is also true that leadership skills are inbuilt skills in everyone. Leadership is a set of skills that can be learned by training, perception, practice and experience over time. Leadership learning is lifetime activity. Good leaders seek out development opportunities that will help them learn new skills.
    He said the organizations need both leaders and managers. Leaders support and develop strategies and managers maintain and manage all the activities. He explained the McGregor’s theory X and Y.Theory X encourages an authoritarian style of management. According to this view, management must actively intervene to get things done whereas theory Y leads to participative style of management that is de-centralized. It assumes that employees are happy to work, are self-motivated and creative, and enjoy working with greater responsibility. Both the theories exist in the organizations. There is another theory Z of Ouchi is Dr. William Ouchi’s so-called “Japanese Management” style. This theory focused on increasing employee loyalty to the company by providing a job for life with a strong focus on the well-being of the employee. It leads to more engagement and belongingness.
    He added with the explanation of Managerial Grid Model that this model represented two concerns, one for production and other for people. This grid resulted in different leadership styles which are 9/9 are trend leaders, 9/1 are authoritarian managers, 5/5 are middle road managers, 1/9 are country club, 1/1 are improvised managers, 9/1 & 1/9 are paternalistic and all styles together are opportunistic. Through this managers or leaders analyze and identify their own leadership or managerial style.
    During the session he also explained the Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership that the four leadership styles that are presented in this theory are Telling, Selling, Participating, and Delegating. It proposed that leadership styles matches with the situations. It is based on different leadership styles in different circumstances. He also mentioned the difference between the solo leader and team leader. Solo leader follows the transactional leadership style in which leaders promote compliance by followers through both rewards and punishments whereas team leader follows the transformational leadership style in which leaders work with subordinates and create more followers.
    He said nowadays it has to be win-win-win situation which means win for organization, win for managers or leaders and win for employees. Leaders are may be good, perfect and lucky which is based on their success, hard work and efforts Lucky leaders work on 3ps which are practice, persistence and preparation. Also talked about the tree model this explains that the root leads to integrity or character, trunk leads to intent, branches leads to capabilities or competence of leader and leaf leads to results a leader is achieving.
    He talked about key competencies for success of leader. The competencies are integrity-values, positive mental attitude-optimistic, passion-having fire, self belief-strengths, flexibility-look from different angles, never quit-persistence and out of box thinking-gather information which he explained all in detail and quoted an example (out of box thinking) of telenor ad which targeted house wives who want to work.
    In last, he talked about the strategic leaderhip and its essential skills. The first skill explained to anticipate that leader should able to deal with unpredictable environment and grab opportunities. The second skill is challenge which includes out of box thinking. The third one is interpret which requires for leaders to look for different or better options and being flexible. The fourth skill to decide means courage of taking decisions in different situations. The fifth one alignment, communication and participate in management. The last skill to learn which is about lessons learnt from failures and best practice sharing.
    .

  18. omarmansoor says:

    Guest Speaker Session by Dr. Sitwat Hussain

    On Saturday, 8 October, 2016, Mr. Shiraz Ahmed’s Leadership, Ethics and Change class had the privilege to enjoy a leadership seminar by Dr. Sitwat Hussain, who is currently the head of HR for Habib Bank AG Zurich. What seemed like an ordinary session on leadership quickly turned into a 60-minute session on some powerful yet simple concepts that worked parallel with his own practical experience to provide a unique guest speaker session.

    Background

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain currently works at Habib Bank AG Zurich and has worked for numerous companies across 9 different countries across the last 2 decades. Interestingly, the Dr. title is from his degree; MBBS. He began his career as a doctor and after differing views later in his career, he chose to acquire an MBA in Marketing and is currently working as the head of HR; truly a man of many talents.

    The Session

    The session formerly began with the question of whether leaders are born or made. He explained that leaders are essentially made because 1 out of millions of sperms – the people in the room – reaches the egg. However, it’s the grooming and environment that truly makes a leader.

    He went on to talk about how organization require both managers and leaders, unable to work without both. He likened this to Theory X and Y, and how you will see both types of people in an organization.

    The session continued with an explanation of the Leadership Grid and how it shapes your own personality and reflects the type of leader you are, further giving guidance on what type of leader you could or need to be. He contrasted the leadership with situational leadership before continuing talking about the differences between transactional and transformational leadership.

    In his opinion, transformational leaders empower you but simultaneously make you liable.
    As the talks went on, he began to quickly move away from theory and talked about how the perfect leader doesn’t exist, and is essentially absent in practicality. While some may say they exist and they had great luck, it doesn’t have anything to do with it; it has to do more with their own hard work. He then taught us about the Tree Model of Leadership and what it means.

    While a lot may have seemed like theory, Dr. Sitwat interweaved numerous practical and model stories to illustrate his concepts rather clearly such as with “The Cracked Pot” and The Emperor and the Seeds” stories. He used this to illustrate the fact that you need self-belief and a positive mental attitude to be a good leader.

    More than just that, you need to be passionate about what you want to do, be a great teacher, never quit and occasionally think out of the box. Towards the end, he recapped the HBR article we studied prior to the class and offered a more practical perspective on it.

    He finished by handing out a leadership assessment that gave us a rough idea what type of leader or stage of leadership we were on, which we got to take with us.

    My Thoughts

    In truth, while the start of the session may have seemed to be filled with theoretical concepts, it quickly turned into a practicality fair where he injected his own experience and opinions into the concepts we learned to provide a rather unique approach to a flourishing concept of leadership.

    With plenty of experience, he firmly believes that you can’t be the perfect leader but you should always try your best to be the best leader you can be, if you can be one. In essence, you have to “check what’s yours” and work on your strength. He states you don’t have to be a leader in everything, just what you can be in.

    • Honey says:

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  19. Rehan Daudani says:

    The discussion began with the classical argument of Are leaders born or made? One factual/scientific statement defies all the theories; It takes only one sperm cell out of 200 million sperms to fertilize a woman’s egg so practically every one is a born leader because you have that something that beats the others. At the same point in time not all born are leaders. Leaders are the one’s who are groomed, taught and tailored by mentors to become leaders.

    Taking the discussion forward Dr. Sidwat Hussain discussed the classical theories of Theory X (which is an authoritarian style where all the stress is on “productivity), Theory Y (which is an opposite talking about motivation of employee leading to performance). Another theory by the name of Theory Z by Dr. William Ouchi’s focuses on increasing employee loyalty to the company by providing a job for life with a strong focus on the well-being of the employee, both on and off the job.

    Another theory of “The Leadership Grid” was discussed which talks about five different style of leadership covering different combinations of care for people and care for results. The theory talks about 05 kind of leaders who are ranked on 05 different scales in which some are more task accomplishment oriented and less employee care focused while other are more focused on winning employees then accomplishing task.

    In the same context there is a situational leadership study by Hersey and Blanchard which focuses on the mix of supportive behavior and directive behavior. Like The Leadership Grid this talks about the perfect mix of supportive and directive. During the session he point came out which talked about that whether one leader should be selfish enough or not to apply changes. The guest speaker rightly replied that the leader has to be selfish to the extent of making a win, win + win for all. Win for the employee, win for the leader and ultimately win for the organization. He has to be taking shifts between high directives to low directives and high support to low support according to the need of time and task. A Leader should be ready to shift gears with context to the need of time.

    One last theory that Dr. Hussain focused on was about The Tree Model, focusing on key pointers to success i.e.
    Integrity; where he discussed the story of emperor and seed which was all about sticking to the situation and not deviating from core values because they will lead you to success. The path can be long but not and endless one.
    Intent; focusing on the positivity of the mindset.
    Capabilities; Always trust and be passionate about what you do.
    Results; They will come if you go by the process. Work hard and wait for them.

    To conclude I believe it was rightly said that “Statues are made of the people who are criticized and not the one who are the critics.” So trust your abilities and be true to your values success and followers will follow.

    • Priest says:

      mükemmel bir betimleme aynen böyle bir süpriz karadenizin kar saÄŸanağı bir anda gelir beyaza boyar gider. Bir gün ha±Ärrlıyotum Sakarya karasu ilçesi, yuvalıdere köyü okula giderken bir kar bastı aniden nefes alamadım ama 10 dk. sonra hava açtı yerde bir karış kar. bir anda bu bir sevda oluyor iÅŸte böyle.

  20. Humair Ahmed says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich delivered a session about Strategic Leadership. His session started with the differences between managers and leaders. He told that managers plan, control, organize and direct. Whereas, leaders support innovation & change, develop & coach, maintain functional expertise and form values. He told that an organization needs both managers and leaders as it needs the qualities of both leaders and managers to run its day to day work and achieve strategic goals. Are leaders born or made (true or false)? This was the question asked by the honorable speaker. He responded that leaders are made. Every human being is a leader; the matter of the fact is that grooming makes the difference in your personality. Therefore, a leader is not perfect; nobody can be a perfect leader. He further discussed about the theory X that says a man is always pushed to work, and theory Y speaks of how a man is always self-motivated and Theory Z focuses on giving security to employees so that they offer loyalty to the organizations. X and y are what we see commonly being practiced in all organization. He further told us about the Managerial Grid that actually helps us to check our potential. Whether one is a Team leader, which is of course the best of the lot, or you are men who only seek his own benefit and don’t care about the organization. A team leader makes sure his company, his employees grow with him however a Solo leader is only focused on how he can add his own people in his team and interfere in other people’s business. He added another theory of leadership which was Hersey-Blanchard situational leadership, this is the most popular leadership style promoted in today’s world. It basically outlined four styles taking an interest, assigning, offering and telling. He also, highlighted contrasts between solo leaders (transactional) and team leaders (transformational).Then he talked about the leadership grid in which he defined that there are there are 7 type of leaders:
    9/9: He is a Team leader.
    9/1: He is an Authoritarian Manager.
    1/9: Country club manager
    1/1: Impoverished Manager.
    5/5: Middle of the road manager.
    9/1 and 1/9: Paternalistic.
    ALL 5 ABOVE: Opportunistic.
    The best among all these is the 9/9 who is a Team Leader. He said that in today’s business scenario there is win (employee), win (leader), win (organization) idea which is floating all around. In addition, individuals do say that leaders are fortunate yet it is not absolutely true. Its 3 P’s that is practice, preparation and, perseverance. Leadership is all about diligent work and commitment. For a successful leader, the following are the key competencies which a leader should have integrity, positive mental attitude, passion, self-belief, flexibility, never quit and have the ability to think out of the box. The session also covered some parts of Blue Ocean Leadership, he gave us the example of Telenor’s program to support women who want to work after the break after marriage. Eventually, we discussed strategic leadership and ended the session with discussing the 6 factors (Anticipate, Challenge, Interpret, Decide, Align and Learn) for Strategic Leadership. Dr. Sitwat told us how we should unlearn to relearn and ended the session by telling us that there’s no such leader as a perfect leader.

    • Josie says:

      Televisa ha mostrado el poder de follarse a quien quiera nu30vmente&#82ea;si pelean y se descalifican entre ustedes televisa gana. Si el pobre diablo del 132 que formó televisa por su protagonismo se dobló , se demuestra que no solo los iletrados y analfabetas son sus creaciones ( como EPN) sino también esos soberbios intelectualoides orgánicos pequeño burgueses… Televisa ha mostrado como el PRi su poder omnímodo de corromper a quien sea, pues demuestra que no hay sujetos con principios , sino solo personas con un precio .

  21. Marium Iftikhar says:

    Sitwat Hussian shared his experiences about leadership and explained the basics of it. He said that it is not necessary to be at the top of the management to become a leader, instead we all are leaders of our lives. He explained the basic types of leaderships and on the basis of it, he said that leaders are those who has the ability to motivate others, who can be a team player, who can be a mentor. He strongly supported the idea of preparation, practice and persistence that makes one expert, leaders are not lucky they are hard workers. He also discussed “The tree model which denotes roots as character, trunk as intent, branch as capability, leafs as results in leadership. He shared McGregor’s theory X, theory Y; these theories discuss the different styles of management. Theory X is about rigid control where as theory Y is about giving some power to workers. The other idea was leadership grid that discusses the five types of leader on scale of 9 horizontally and vertically .The five types of leaders are one that concern for people and production both is a team leader and it is best. Some are leaders who do not care about people and care about production. Some are focused on their own benefit. Situational leadership is becoming more and more necessary these days that how a leader can adapt and innovate in changing environment. The key competencies that are required by leaders is Integrity, leader should have high set of values. He shared the story of “The emperor and the seeds” and how the good moral values helped him achieve his target. Positive mental attitude is very important in achieving ones target. It is said that it is not you aptitude but your attitude that decides your altitude. Being Passionate about you aim makes you different regular approach toward your ambition cannot take make you achieve it. Self Belief, one should be confident about oneself and with reference to it he shared story of “The cracked pot”. One cannot achieve anything until and unless he is confident about it. It is all in the mind of the person, if he feels he is a failure he will fail. Flexibility is very important for a leader, a leader who is rigid and does not value the opinion of other is not likable and people will not associate with him. A leader should not quit and continue even in hard times. Creativity and out of the box thinking is important for leader, he should come up with new ideas. He also discussed the qualities of focused leader and its importance in today’s world. A focused leader should be good at anticipation and could predict future times. He should challenge and question himself and others. He should have good decision making power. He should have good analytical skills so that he could read in between the lines. He should be good at learning from his mistakes and also able to align with others and maintain good relations with them.

    • Tessie says:

      Vix, you are my favourite celebrity! I'd much rather read about your exciting life than anyone who dons the cover of OK magazine! I HAVE TO GET A COPY OF THAT BOOK! Im off to Amazon.com straight away. Honey you are a sens-loody-bation xoxoxoxoxo

    • Lovely website, really well thought out. I am finally having to actually look at online shops as I contemplate moving away from the Eternal Maker (sob!) in the summer, so I'll keep an eye on Annie's shop.

  22. Muhammad Siddique Jan says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain conveys an assorted arrangement of encounters in numerous enterprises including Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Insurance and Banking. At present, he is working at Habib Bank AG Zurich as a Group Head Human Resources taking care of the operations in nine unique nations. He passed on an outstandingly fascinating session about Strategic Leadership.

    He started his session by separating amongst administrators and leaders. He uncovered that supervisor’s essential center is on accomplishing the destinations of the organization for which they arrange, control, sort out and coordinate. However, leaders support change and advancement; pioneers by and by create and mentor their groups, keep up helpful capacity and edge values. He said that solid affiliation is required between both chiefs and pioneers to run its ordinary work and achieve authoritative targets. As indicated by him, nothing is terrible in promoting, it can be great, better or the best. He accentuated on a feeling of addressing and interest which is really key in the life of a vital pioneer.

    He said the associations require both pleaders and managers. Pioneers bolster and create methodologies and managers keep up and deal with every one of the exercises. He clarified the McGregor’s hypothesis X and Y.Theory X energizes a dictator style of administration. As indicated by this view, administration should effectively mediate to complete things though hypothesis Y prompts participative style of administration that is de-brought together. It accept that representatives are upbeat to work, are self-roused and inventive, and appreciate working with more prominent duty. Both the hypotheses exist in the associations. There is another hypothesis Z of Ouchi is Dr. William Ouchi’s alleged “Japanese Management” style. This hypothesis concentrated on expanding representative faithfulness to the organization by giving an occupation to existence with a solid concentrate on the prosperity of the worker. It prompts more engagement and belongingness.

    Dr. Sitwat mentioned and explained the leadership grid in detail which had various styles of leadership adopted by leaders and the extremes at which these styles are executed as well as how they are executed. After this solo and team leaders were discussed and according to him solo leaders are more towards transactional side and getting things done whereas team leaders are transformational leaders who actually see the greater good and direct their teams accordingly while having the power to motivate others and great leaders spread hope not gloom. According to him great leaders need to have some key competencies which involve integrity, intent, capabilities and results. He gave a very good example of a Chinese emperor and how he chose his heir by judging young boys of their integrity the one who did not lie to him and presented the most truthful results was chosen to be his heir. Secondly great leaders need to have positive mental attitude and it is the desire which determines success not ability. Criticism on you means that you are successful in light of being a critic which everyone can be.

  23. Jessica Jennifer says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich was invited to deliver a session on Strategic leadership.
    Dr Sitwat carries a diverse background working in different industries medical, engineering, army, navy, while he himself is a Doctor in Medicine and carries an MBA degree in Marketing.According to Dr.Sitwat Leaders are made from the circumstance , everyone has a leadership quality right from the time of birth.
    The functions of management involve planning, controlling, organising, and directing and an outstanding manager evokes possibilities in others and according to Dr Sitwat a manager and a leader both are equally important and much needed by an organisation. He also talked about the Douglas McGregor theory of motivation, the theory X assumes that employees are naturally unmotivated and dislike working, and this encourages an authoritarian style of management and theory Y assumes that expounds a participative style of management that is de-centralized. It assumes that employees are happy to work, are self-motivated and creative, and enjoy working with greater responsibility and theory Z by a Japanese Dr. William Ouchi he believed that focused on increasing employee loyalty to the company by providing a job for life with a strong focus on the well-being of the employee, both on and off the job.
    He also enlightened the difference between a Solo Leader (transactional leader) and Team Leader (transformational leader). A Solo leader gets involved and interferes in everything. While a team leader or transformational leader creates the vision and develops team members’ growth through delegation, recognition, developing and encouraging. And there is an always a win win win situation for the owner, manager and employee.
    He furthermore discussed the tree model that roots are character or integrity, the trunk is Intent, the branches are capabilities and finally, the fruit is the result and these are the key competency of a great leader is his integrity.
    He shared the example of Thomas Edison and how he got determined to invent the light bulb even after failing for several time during his invention he never lost his faith, so in the same person in one position is Hero and other Zero.
    Dr.Sitwat also mentioned that how important for a person to think out of the box it’s allow you to gather different sources of information and Last he mentioned Strategic leader six skills which includes Anticipate means prepare for ambiguity, Challenge means think out of the box, Interpret means flexibility and options ( The Pareto Principle ), Decide means agile and nimble, Align means participatory management, Learn means best practice sharing.
    And lastly Dr.Sitwat indeed a Leader himself.

  24. Yumna says:

    Dr. Siwat Hussain is one of the most motivational guest speakers I have come across. He simply moved us with his lecture and left us spellbound with interesting stories, motivating examples of great leaders from the past and his wisdom. Dr. Sitwat has vast knowledge and experience as he has worked for diversified fields and is currently the Group Head HR at Habib Bank AG Zurich. The session was Strategic Leadership Skills. On the discussion about whether leaders are born or raised he explained that it is more circumstantial how you are raised but we can say that we are all born leaders in a way. Everyone possesses some qualities of leadership one way or the other and this is instilled in us since our birth.
    Dr. Sitwat explained that it is very important for organization to have both managers and leaders in order to be successful. He explained us the difference between Theory X (which is about rigid control) and Theory Y (which is about Autonomy) and the fact that we get to see both the theories in an organization. And then he told us about a third Theory Z which says that it is important to secure the jobs of employees and earn their loyalty as this can lead to more engagement and belongingness.
    Then he moved on to a very interesting topic of Leadership Grid. With the help of a visual representation of a grid he explained that managerial grid is a grid from 1 till 9 and on the axis lies ‘concerned for production (Task)’ and ‘concern for people.’ 1/1 is a liability on the organization, and 9/9 is a Team Leader. Between these two lies the country club manager (1/9) and Authoritarian Manager (9/1) which says that practice or leave. In the middle lies the road manager who won’t push and won’t go beyond a certain limit. Then there are those who have all 5 characteristics and they are opportunistic and they jump for every opportunity that comes in their way.
    Hersy- Blanchard Situational Leadership was the next topic of discussion where relationship behavior and Task behavior were on the axis. Upon the comparison of Solo Leaders versus Team leaders we learned that Solo leaders are transactional and are involved in everything themselves unlike Transformational Team leaders who delegate team roles to others to encourage teamwork. Solo leaders expect their team to conform to the standards of behavior and style and collect admirers and “yes man” on the other hand Team leaders encourage constructive disagreement and are not threatened by team members special abilities. Solo leaders direct team members’ activities and set objectives whereas Team leaders develop team members growth and create vision on which others act.
    In todays’ world it has to be a win win win situation in terms of employees, managers and organization. There is no such thing as perfect leader because the same person who is a hero in one context could be a zero in another context. Nor there is anything as a lucky leader because it is all about hard work and determination and your will. Dr. Sitwat explained a very interesting model with the help of a diagram known as the Tree Model which is based on Integrity (as the roots of the tree), Intent (trunk of the tree), Capabilities (Branches of the tree) and finally Results (which are the leaves and fruits).
    The Key competencies for success include Integrity, your values. The uncompromising principles in your life. He highlighted the importance of values with a very moving and interesting story of emperor and the seeds with a very powerful moral. Another important thing is Positive mental attitude. Do you see half glass full or half glass empty. How optimistic you are? Your attitude is everything. Then comes your passion, if you have a burning desire then you can be a winner. He explained that it is very easy to criticize and point fingers at others but in order to succeed you must become a person who is criticized and who tries to become better every day. Self-belief is another important key competency which says that one must be confident of his own self first. With the help of another interesting story with another powerful moral he explained that we all are cracked pots but we must learn to look at our strengths and should always think positively and we must always tell ourselves that yes I can do it! Being flexible is another important factor, having empathy to look at things from a different angle. He gave us examples of Edison and Michael Jordan who never believed in quitting. Perseverance, determination and persistence are very important tools and we must always tell ourselves that no matter what happens we will never quit. Other important key competencies include thinking out of the box, doing something that no one has done before.
    As far as Strategic leadership is concerned, the more unpredictable the environment is, the greater the opportunity. The speaker discussed the 6 abilities of a strategic leader which include Anticipation, Challenge, Interpretation, Decision, Aligning and Learning. He explained the importance of all these in the end and again focused on one thing while concluding, that there’s no such thing as a perfect leader, everyone can be a leader. His speech was very inspiring and it won’t be wrong to say that Dr, Sitwat is himself a great leader who has the ability to move and inspire every single individual through his words.

  25. Fatima Baber says:

    Dr. Sitwat Hussain, Head of HR, AG Zurich, conducted a session on strategic leadership. He started his session with the question that are Leaders born or created & answered that each soul is leader once when he or she is born. Leadership skills will be polished throughout the life.
    Dr.Hussain was invited to direct and guide us about the strategic leadership, and its main elements. He urged on the fact that every organization needs leaders and managers both. He started off with the McGregor’s Theory X/ Theory Y Model. Theory X assumes that workers and dislikes operating. Hence, manager is needed to push them to figure. Theory Y assumes that workers are happy and self-actuated. Hence, a participative type of management is needed. He additional added another theory Z that focuses on loyalty. He aforesaid that offer workers job security and that they can automatically be loyal to the organization. Another theory of “The Leadership Grid” was mentioned that talks concerning 5 totally variety of leadership covering different combos of take care of individuals and take care of results. The idea talks concerning on 05 totally different scales during which some square measure a lot of task accomplishment familiarized and less worker care centered whereas alternative square measure a lot of centered on winning workers then accomplishing task. Hersey and Blanchard characterized leadership style in terms of the amount of Task Behavior and Relationship Behavior that the leader provides to their followers. They categorized all leadership styles into four behavior types, which they named
    Telling – is characterized by one-way communication in which the leader defines the roles of the individual or group and provides the what, how, why, when and where to do the task;
    Selling – while the leader is still providing the direction, he or she is now using two-way communication and providing the socio-emotional support that will allow the individual or group being influenced to buy into the process;
    Participating – this is how shared decision-making about aspects of how the task is accomplished and the leader is providing fewer task behaviors while maintaining high relationship behavior;
    Delegating – the leader is still involved in decisions; however, the process and responsibility has been passed to the individual or group. The leader stays involved to monitor progress.
    Of these, no one style is considered optimal for all leaders to use all the time. Effective leaders need to be flexible, and must adapt themselves according to the situation.
    In the end he also discussed the Tree Model, and the out of the box thinking, he urged that we should not limit ourselves, and look outside for the opportunities. In the end he discussed the six steps to attain strategic leadership, Anticipate which he described as ambiguous or persevere, he described challenge as out of the box, where you challenge your own instincts. Interpret which is flexibility and availability of options , whereas Decide is described as agile and nimble , align as participatory management , and lastly Learn as the lesson you learn throughout your journey , no matter how many times you fail you always learn new things.
    The session was concluded with the fact that no leader can have all ticked boxes, since no leader is perfect ever; there are always imperfections and inabilities which the leader overcomes with time to time.

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